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A People and a Nation by Norton, et al.

Chapter 22 Review

1. Hoover and Hard Timesa. What were Hoovervilles?

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b. What happened to farm workers/prices during the 1920s?

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c. Why were minorities hit so hard during the Great Depression?

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d. What impact did the Depression have on women workers?

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e. What were some of Herbert Hoover’s attempts at addressing the economic depression?

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f. What was the Reconstruction Finance Corporation?

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g. What were the “Unemployed Councils?

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h. What was the “Bonus Army?”

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2. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Launching of the New Deala. Why was Eleanor Roosevelt so popular and important to FDR’s presidency?

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b. Describe the Banking Crisis of 1933

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c. What was the “Brain Trust?”

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d. Identify the Following:i. NIRA

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ii. AAA

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iii. NRA

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iv. CCC

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v. PWA

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e. Why did FDR lower tariffs?

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f. Why did FDR feel that recognizing the Soviet Union was so important?

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g. What was the “Good Neighbor Policy?”

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3. Political Pressure and the Second New Deala. Why did some business leaders criticize the New Deal?

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b. Who was Father Charles Coughlin?

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c. Who was Huey Long?

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d. What was the “Popular Front?”

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e. What was different about the “Second New Deal?”

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f. Identify the following:i. WPA

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ii. Social Security Act

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4. Labora. Identify the following:i. The Wagner Act

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ii. Congress of Industrial Organizations

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iii. “Sit Down Strikes”

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b. What was the “Memorial Day Massacre?”

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5. Federal Power and the Nationalization of Culturea. How did the New Deal impact the American West?

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b. How did the New Deal impact Native Americans?

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c. What was the Indian Reorganization Act?

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d. What was the TVA?

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e. Why was mass media so important to FDR’s New Deal?

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6. The Limits of the New Deala. What is “Court Packing?”

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b. Why did the New Deal come to an end?

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c. Who were the “Scottsboro Boys?”

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d. Why did African Americans support FDR?

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7. The Approach of Wara. Who was Adolph Hitler?

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b. What was the Nazi Party?

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c. What is “Appeasement?”

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d. What were the “neutrality acts?”

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e. What is “blitzkrieg?”

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f. Why was Japan seen as a threat to the US?

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g. Describe FDR’s “quarantine speech?”

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