Explain the purpose of pseudocode. In doing so, explain how and why it differs from natural language and formal programming languages. From everyday life, provide and discuss examples of sequential, conditional, and iterative operations. How do the ways we state these operations in everyday life differ from the ways we state them in pseudocode? Why might there be a difference? Explain why it is necessary for the pattern-matching algorithm to have a “loop inside of a loop.” Why do we use binary encodings to represent information on the computer? What would be the pros and cons of using base-10 instead of base-2? Explain the relationship between Boolean logic and computer circuits. Why is Boolean logic so important to computer science? Explain the purpose of the steps in the sum-of-products circuit design algorithm. Why must each step be done, and why in that order? This assignment should take around 7 pages not counting the cover page and reference page. Additional Resources Another view of pseudocode: http://users.csc.calpoly.edu/~jdalbey/SWE/pdl_std.html Sequential search: http://video.franklin.edu/Franklin/Math/170/common/mod01/linearSearchAlg.html Human Genome Project: http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/home.shtml MIT Pseudocode 101PDF : https://courses.edx.org/c4x/MITx/6.00.1x/asset/files_ps04_files_WhyPseudocode.pdf A nice web applet that does conversion between binary, decimal, and hexadecimal numbers: http://www.mathsisfun.com/binary-decimal-hexadecimal-converter.html A useful web page about subtraction and two’s complement numbers: http://courses.cs.vt.edu/csonline/NumberSystems/Lessons/SubtractionWithTwosComplement/index.html A web page that describes how simple memory circuits work: http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/sequential/seq_1.html Additional information on multiplexer circuits: http://iitg.vlab.co.in/?sub=59&brch=165&sim=904&cnt=1 Additional information on decoder circuits: http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/combination/comb_5.html

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